Types of Vein Disease

Venous diseases impact millions of people and cause long-term health issues if not effectively managed.

Home Healthy Living Vein Disease 101 Types of Vein Disease

JOBST® believes in providing our customers with education about venous disease, and the compression therapy used to treat it.

Deep vein thrombosis is a serious healthcare problem that affects over 250,000 patients in the US each year.

Source: Gloviezki, Peter, ed. The Layman's Handbook of Venous Disorders. N.p.: American Venous Forum

 

Vein Disease

Venous disease is a chronic condition, meaning the symptoms can be life-long and can progress if not treated. There are several risk factors that can increase the possibility of someone developing a vein disorder.

Risk Factors for Chronic Venous Insufficiency

One of the most common vein diseases is Chronic Venous Disease (CVD), which can eventually lead to Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI), causing valves in the veins to weaken over time. The disease is most common in women in their 40s and men in their 70s. CVD risk factors include.

  • Family history of DVT
  • Heart disease
  • History of leg trauma
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Multiple pregnancies for women
  • Obesity
  • Old age
  • Prior cases of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Chronic Venous Disease Facts

Vein conditions like varicose veins affect nearly 30 percent of the population1 and are responsible for as much as 80 percent of cases of leg ulcers2.

1. Eberhardt RT, Raffetto JD. Chronic venous insufficiency. Circulation. 2014; 130(4):333-46
2. Nicolaides AN. Investigation of chronic venous insufficiency. A consensus statement. Circulation 2014; 102(20):e126-63
3. Kahn SR. How I treat postthrombotic syndrome. Blood. 2009; 114: 4624–4631
4. Baldwin MJ et al, Post-thrombotic syndrome: a clinical review. J Thromb Haemost. 2013 May ; 11(5) :795-805.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

One of the biggest risk factors of CVD is prior Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT). A DVT is a blood clot in the deep venous system. It most commonly occurs in the deep veins of the legs, but can occur in other deep veins such as in the arms or pelvis as well. Risk factors for DVT include:

  • Age
  • Major Surgery
  • Major Trauma
  • Hospital stays over 3 days
  • Immobility or paralysis / paresis
  • Estrogen containing medications
  • Pregnancy
  • Chronic Medical Conditions (inflammatory bowel disease, lupus, coagulopathies)
  • Active cancer
  • Obesity
  • Previous Venous Thromboembolism (VTE)
  • Family history of VTE
  • Institutionalized living (Nursing home etc)

Post-Thrombotic Syndrome

DVT can lead to a condition called Post-Thrombotic Syndrome (PTS), a chronic condition that can lead to permanent disability. PTS occurs in up to 50% of patients with a history of DVT3. It occurs when the blood clot organizes around the fragile venous valves in the deep veins, damaging them permanently. This increases the pressure in the veins and can lead to permanently decreased quality of life. PTS symptoms include aching, heaviness, swelling, cramps, and skin changes. For some patients the symptoms are just bothersome. For others it negatively impacts their quality of life. More severe PTS can lead to leg swelling, further skin changes, and development of venous leg ulcers.

Compression hosiery worn daily for up to two years can both prevent development of PTS and alleviate its symptoms4.